The Mediterranean Sea is a landlocked island surrounded by a group of islands. This peninsula is known as Greece.
Although the terrain is hollow, it has a contrasting beauty hidden in it. The red anemones between the rocks add color to the hyacinth spring.
During the short winter, the snow melts during the day. Sudden storms darken the summer sky. Dry currents cause flash floods. The inhabitants here have similar opposites.
By 2400 BC, the tribal peoples of Greece were still underdeveloped. Little did they know that their country would later become a country that would change world history. Alas!
Their development began after the settlement of an ‘Aryan’ tribe from Central Asia. Five hundred years later, the Aryans were also organized as a kingdom.
Greece was not a single country until a long time ago. Not all kingdoms developed equally. They also established colonies in neighboring countries.
Not to mention Greece and Crete, as it has some influence on Greek history.
By 1900 BC, the island of Crete, in the Mediterranean Sea between Greece and Egypt, was full of sunsets. 200 miles from the sea, the Cretans developed Egyptian craftsmanship and created cities that surpassed the Egyptians.
The island of Crete, though only 3189 square miles in size, was man-made all over the place. It was not easy because of the maze that had been built there.
The palace complex was about six acres. It had 1300 rooms with common halls, elevators, studios, archives, warehouses, and shrines. The Cretans, who dominated many of the surrounding islands, became rich through extortion and trade, producing pottery, jewelry, metal utensils, wine, textiles, and olive oil. They were also skilled at shipbuilding.
The aristocracy lived a luxurious and luxurious life. And wrestling were also great stimuli.
The Cretan Islands, affluent and prosperous, were in the throes of a catastrophic earthquake between 1700 and 1600 BC. Their palaces were partially destroyed, but the palace in Nosos was rebuilt sooner rather than later. .
But their misfortune befell them again. About two centuries later, a terrible volcano erupted one morning in 1450 BC on the beautiful island of Santorini, 70 miles north of Crete.
The epicenter was reported below the Pacific Ocean floor, Tsunami alert was issued. Swept through the surrounding islands. The waves rose about a mile in the Crete area, leaving no survivors.
Scientists say the mythical island of Atlantis may have adjoined the island of Santorini, sinking about 80,000 square miles [80,000 sq km] into the catastrophic city of Pompeii, almost 1,500 years later. That is, on August 24, 79 AD)
The ruined island of Santorini still stands today, but its size is now only 73 square kilometers.
With the destruction of the island of Crete, Greece had the opportunity to become a power in the Mediterranean. Greece, which was already highly developed, received its arts and crafts from the Greeks, but the Greeks did not like their luxuries.
The Greeks did not invent new inventions, but were simple people who had mastered the art of living happily and they rejected childish pleasures.
They were not extreme in art either and painted living images of gods in human form. They did not believe in deities.
Mycenae, the most powerful Greek kingdom, was located on a hill overlooking the fertile Agaev Sea. The Greeks were militant with the surrounding nations. Owned.
The costumes of the Greeks were immeasurable.
The greatest influence on the great culture of Greece was the cult of gods and goddesses (so powerful was their cult that the later Roman Empire adopted their own form of gods and goddesses. World Heritage Sites.)
The gods of the Greeks were human beings of emotion and activity. They belonged to the same family. They represented the universe. Mount Greece considered Mount Olympus to be the abode of the gods.
From Mount Olympus, the heavens and the earth were taken care of by the great god Zeus. He had a lightning rod in his hand that ruled over the sky and the weather. His wife, Hera, was in charge of marriage and children. She continued to be the head of her family. He also overcame arrogance.
Zeus had two brothers. One named Poseidon led the ocean, storms and earthquakes. The other brother, Hades, was the boss of Hell.
Great goddess Athena represented wisdom & handicrafts. Apollo was a master of music, art and medicine.
Hermes, another son of Zeus, was the messenger of heaven. He was the protector of the shepherds, merchants and thieves He wears a helmet and he got the wings of the shoe.
Aphrodite is the goddess of love. Ares, portraying Mars, dominated the war. Apollo’s twin sister Artemis, who ruled over Hunting and Night, was also tasked with towing the moon in a chariot tied with silver oxen.
In addition to these major gods, there were many other gods, such as the Titans. I will write about them later on our mythology article series. Add a comment and we will let you know when came the Mythology article series.
The Dark Ages for Peaceful Greeks Between 1100 and 800, Greece had to go through a terrible, undeveloped period of terror, as they were constantly attacked by a group of Dorian living in the mountains.
After that Dark Ages, Greece had a good time again. The Greeks, despite their genius and great artistic ability, lacked fertile land. The small amount of land that existed was not enough for such a great nation. it was.
There was plenty of room in the Mediterranean for those who preferred to sail. Mother Nature had inherited many harbors for them. Beautiful cities sprang up all around.
As mentioned in the previous article, Mount Olympus was considered to be the abode of the Greek gods. At the foot of the mountain was the sacred city of Olympia. Devotees often flocked to the Great Temple dedicated to the god Zeus.
Every four years, the temple celebrates the festival season with the participation of a large number of poets, artists, sculptors, playwrights, sculptors and athletics.
Although always dissenting, the Great Temple was a sanctuary for all the Greek kingdoms. That is why King Olympus of Olympia decided to hold a sports festival during the festive season that symbolized peace.
The first Olympic Games in Olympia were held in 776 BC. Only Greeks were allowed to participate in the Games. The Greeks also came to Olympia from Sicily, Crete, Hirenia, Turkey, Macedonia and parts of Asia.
The festival was held at the stadium near the Temple of Zeus for five days. The first day was dedicated to the veneration and swearing in of the gods.
The Olympic winners’ invaluable gift was a crown made of olive leaves. The first Olympic champion was Coreimus, who ran 163 meters from one end of the stadium to the other.
Olympia is not just a sporting event. It is a time of great joy for Greeks from all walks of life.
Modern Greece bears witness to the civilization of ancient Greece. This is commonly referred to as the starting point of Western civilization. Greece, for example, is the birthplace of democracy. Greece is also the birthplace of Western philosophy, including the Olympic Games, the documentation of Western literature and history, political science, and important principles of science and geometry, as well as tragedy and comedy. Part of this is reflected in the 17th UNESCO World Heritage List.
The Rise of Athens and Sparta in the next article. Subscribe our newsletter and you won’t miss the second part and you can be a part of our amazing story network.
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